Whether you are in a survival scenario or you are just out for a hike with some friends, you need to take precautions against the heat. The world experienced the hottest year on record, and it doesn’t look like things are going to be letting up for a while. The following are some tips that will help you to stay safe in the heat.
Stay Inside If Possible
If you don’t have to spend time outside during the middle of the day when it is the hottest, don’t. Try to spend time inside and in a cool location if you can find one. This might not always be possible, as you might need to be outside or have nowhere else that you can go. If you are outside, try to find some shady areas where you can rest and wait for the heat of the day to pass.
When you are out in the heat, it is very important that you remember to bring sunscreen and that you reapply it often. This will help reduce the chance of getting burned and getting sun poisoning. Whether you are simply heading to the beach or the park for a fun day, going hiking, or you are bugging out, make sure you have sunscreen with you.
Dealing With Medical Problems
Heat cramps are pains that occur in the muscles. These occur most often in the abs and in the legs, and it is a signal that the body is beginning to have issues with the heat. It is time to rest and find a cool place to lie down. Drink some water as well, as hydration is important.
The next step up the ladder of heat related problems is heat exhaustion. Some signs and symptoms include cool, moist skin, pallor, or in some cases flushed skin, nausea, headaches and dizziness, and a feeling of weakness. In situations like this, you need to move into a core environment, preferably one that is circulating air. In addition, remove or loosen the clothing. Place wet, cool cloths on the skin. You can also spray the person with water. The individual should receive fluid – 4 ounces – about every 15 minutes.
Heatstroke is the most problematic of these heat related conditions, and it can be life-threatening. This can occur once somebody has suffered from heatstroke and ignored the symptoms. The body temperature raises to dangerous levels. The pulse can become weak and rapid, and person’s breathing may be shallow. They may also suffer from seizures and vomiting.
This is a very serious condition, so you need to contact emergency services. In addition, cover the person in ice to bring the temperature down. If you are in a survival situation and there are no emergency services to contact, do the best you can to lower the body temperature.
Never underestimate the heat. It can be very deadly, and it can strike faster than you may realize. Follow the tips here, and do your best to stay cool.